Folding One’s Clothes for Salah

By | 2018-03-09T08:03:35+00:00 April 2nd, 2009|

By Mawlana Tameem Ahmadi

Question

A person saw an Islamic program in which it was mentioned that the folding of trousers or shalwar is not permitted due to a hadith stating that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) prohibited the folding of clothes. It was also mentioned in the program that folding trousers from either the bottom or top is not permitted. This is the first time I have heard this. Can the ‘ulama shed some light on this issue?

Answer

In regards to folding one’s clothes while praying and the issue of isbal (wearing one’s garment below the ankles), Shaykh al-Hadith Mawlana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhlawi (may Allah have mercy on him) writes in Lami’ al-Darari[1] (vol. 1, pg. 327-28):

“Qadi ‘Iyad considers the tying back of the hair and folding of the clothes undesirable for the person performing salah, this is regardless of whether he does it outside or inside salah, and he mentions that the scholars are unanimous that this does not invalidate the prayer.

“‘Allama ‘Ayni writes in Al-Talwih: ‘The ‘ulama are in consensus that it is makruh (disliked) to pray with the clothes/sleeves folded up, or hair tied up in a bundle, or tucked into the turban. But this is only makruh tanzihi (against the preferred manner; undesirable), so if he does pray in this manner, he has done a wrong, but his prayer will be regarded valid.’

“Mawlana Gangohi says: ‘A person should not pray in such a condition (as mentioned above) because the desired method is that a person prays in the most presentable manner as possible. And the manner in which a person ties his hair back, etc. is against the normal habit of the Arabs; rather their usual habit is that they leave the hair open.’

“Qastallani says: ‘He should not hold his garments with both hands while going into ruku‘ (bowing) and sujud (prostration) because the hair and clothes prostrate along with the worshipper. Also, if a person holds back his hair and clothes from touching the ground, he resembles the arrogant people (who regard it below their dignity to let their clothes touch the ground, even when in worship).'”

From these statements we have understood the following points: [1] To pray with the hair tied back and the clothes folded does not invalidate the salah; [2] to pray in such a manner is makruh tanzihi (against etiquette); [3] One should perform the salah in the most presentable manner; [4] the clothes and hair also prostrate before Allah Most High, thus they should not be held back from doing so; [5] it resembles the action of arrogant and proud people.

Whatever the case may be, all of these statements indicate that to perform salah with folded clothes is against the preferred mode of worship.

As for praying in a condition where the garments are dragging on the ground or are below the ankles, Imam Abu Dawud narrates in his Sunan from Abu Hurayrah (Allah be pleased with him) that there was a person praying in a condition in which his lower garment was hanging below his ankles. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) commanded him to perform wudu’ (ablution) twice and then the Companions inquired from him, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Why did you command him to perform wudu’ and then remained silent?’ The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) replied: ‘He was praying whilst wearing his lower garment below his ankles, and verily Allah Most High does not accept the salah of a person who hangs his izar (lower garment) below his ankles.’

The following points are to be understood from this hadith: [1] To hang the garments below the ankles is a major sin; it is for this reason the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) commanded the person to repeat his prayer and ablution as penalization (zajr) and reprimand (tawbikh) as is mentioned by ‘Allamah Tibi and Ibn Qayyim Jawziyya in his Tahdhib al-Sunan.

[2] The hadith is clear and explicit in the fact that the impermissibility of isbal is not conditional to pride and arrogance alone. Rather there are other narrations which clearly state that isbal in itself is a sin and an indication of pride and arrogance is its perpetrator. This is mentioned in the hadith, ‘Beware of hanging the garment below the ankles for indeed, this action in itself is an action of pride and arrogance…’ Narrated by Abu Dawud and al-Tirmidhi from Abu Juray Jabir ibn Sulaym (Allah be pleased with him).

[3] The gravity of the sin of isbal, in which the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) commanded the worshiper to repeat his prayer and wudu’, cannot be compared to folding up of the garments which the fuqaha (Islamic jurists) have clearly mentioned to be against etiquette. Rather it will be necessary to fold those garments which are hanging below one’s ankles to abstain from a major sin despite the fact that one might be doing what is against etiquette. For example, if one’s prayer cap falls off the head in prayer, the Islamic jurists have stated that one should put it back on the head with one hand if possible. This action (despite being little) is better than praying bareheaded which is more undesirable than the minimal movement in salah (‘amal qalil).

[4] Isbal (whether done with or without pride) is also against the normal mode of dress of the believers; rather the sign of a believer is that he wears his garment to the middle of the shin, and if not to the middle then he is allowed up to above the ankles. This means that when a person is engaging in isbal he is simultaneously involved in sadl as well, which is wearing the garment in a mode it is not normally to be worn in. He is thus combining many undesirable acts in one.

In regards to this issue our Akabir ‘Ulama have chosen the stance that corresponds to the riwaya (hadith narration with sanad) and diraya (meaning and commentary of hadiths). For further reading, refer to Imdad al-Fatawa (vol. 4, p. 121) and Shaykh al-Hadith Mawlana Zakariyya’s discussion on this in Awjaz al-Masalik.

And Allah Most High knows best.

_____________________________

  1. “Written in Arabic, a collection of the unique remarks and observations on Sahih al-Bukhari presented by Shaykh Rashid Ahmad Gangohi . These life-long acquired wisdoms were recorded by his student Shaykh Yahya Kandhlawi (Shaykh Zakariyya’s father) during their lessons. Shaykh Zakariyya edited, arranged, and commented on his father’s compilation, clarifying the text and adding a comprehensive introduction at the beginning.” (White Thread Press, “Shaykh al-Hadith Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhlawi”, http://whitethreadpress.com/authors/shaykh_zakariyya.htm) []

8 Comments

  1. Saad Khan April 4, 2009 at 6:18 am

    JazakAllah Mawlana sahib.

  2. SunniWaqas April 6, 2009 at 2:05 pm

    JazakAllahu Khairan for this extremely beneficial post!

  3. Syockit April 18, 2010 at 11:28 am

    Why is there no comment about Abu Bakr as-Siddiq where his isbal is not out of arrogance?

    • Abdul Rehman March 1, 2011 at 8:47 pm

      I would love to know the answer of syockit question too of the Abu Bakr (may Allah be please with him) incident.

    • bindas March 9, 2011 at 1:51 pm

      In the Case of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq radhiallahu anhu, The Prophet sallahu alayhi wassalam, himself declared that Abu Bakr is free from pride.

      While we declare ourself to be free from pride (height of arrogance). The latter declaration is similar to the pride of Iblees.

      hence, we can not apply the condition of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq radhiallahu anhu on any one except him.

      wallahu ‘alam
      He was declared as such by Rasulullah sallahu alyhi wassallam

      • syockit May 30, 2011 at 12:28 am

        Thank you very much! I knew you shouldn’t rely on your own feelings to decide whether you’re free from pride or not. So isbal applies to all muslimin who are otherwise not given the sanction by Rasulullah salAllahu alyhi wassallam, right?

  4. Mohd. firoz May 7, 2010 at 2:36 am

    dear frnd,

    can any1 tell me 2day everybody weather he is poor or rich is wearing garment below ankle. and nobody care nobody for this action as pride it become common thing among people. i wear my pant below ankle but never thought it is pride and i was even not aware of this kind of pride. Since i was born i have seen people wearing pants below ankle an havent seen anybody showing pride for keeping their pant below ankle as everybodys pant seen below the ankle. so how it can be pride. by difinition pride is if someone is superior or got something better than the other in the comunity or else and he show or feel or make people realise that he is better or he is superior than the rest or he feels he belong to some upper class wearing something or possesing something.

    Pls. clear my point.

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