Browsing: Politics


Is it a condition for the Imam to be from Quraysh?

“People are subservient to Quraysh in this matter: the Muslims among them [being subservient] to the Muslims among them, and the disbelievers among them [being subservient] to the disbelievers among them.” (Sahih Muslim)
His statement “from Abu Hurayrah”: this hadith was transmitted by al-Bukhari in the beginning [chapters] of Kitab al-Manaqib (no. 3495) and it was also transmitted by Ahmad in his Musnad (2:243, 261, 395, 433).
His statement “People are subservient to Quraysh in this matter”: the ‘ulama adduced this as proof that Qurayshi [lineage] is a condition for the Imam, to the extent that some of them claimed ijma’ (consensus) on this. Hence, al-Nawawi (Allah have mercy on him) said, “These hadiths and those similar to them are clear proof that the caliphate is specific to Quraysh and its contraction is not permissible for any beside them, and on this ijma’ convened in the time of the Companions and also after them. So whoever disagrees in this [matter] is amongst the heretics (ahl al-bid’ah), or alludes to a disagreement from other than them, he is confuted by the ijma’ of the Companions and the Successors, and those after them with the authentic hadiths.”


The System of Rule in Islam

What becomes evident from studying the rules of the Shari’ah on politics, and what is mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah on this subject, is that Islam does not specify a particular “form of government” in the technical sense this phrase is used today, and it does not specify for it a particular methodology with all its particular details. It only provided us with basic foundations and principles, and general laws that must be observed and preserved in every age and place. As for the particular details in organising the government, the Islamic nation is given the option to choose of them what is appropriate for its [prevailing] conditions in every age and country, with the condition that in all of this it adheres to the foundations, principles and the rules which Islam has legislated in the Qur’an and Sunnah and in the example of the rightly guided caliphs.
Hence, the system of government in Islam adheres to these foundations, principles and rules and it does not adhere to a particular form or a specific methodology. We wish here to summarise those principles and foundational rules. And Allah Most High grants success.


The Place of Politics in Religion

It has become well-known of Christians that they distinguish between religion and politics by their well-known dictum “Render unto Caesar what is Caesar’s and unto God what is God’s”. It is thus as though religion has no relationship with politics and politics has no connection with religion. This worthless concept has slowly advanced to its ugliest form in recent times in the name of “secularism” (al-‘almaniyah) or “secularisation” which expelled religion from all matters of life until it did away with it completely. Truly this concept in reality is one category from the categories of association with Allah [i.e. shirk (polytheism)] whereby religion’s authority in the material world is not recognised and the authority of religion is restricted only to rituals and worship which one practices in his private [life] or in his place of worship. It is thus as if God is not god except in [matters of] worship and ritual, and as far as worldly matters are concerned, they have another god. And refuge is [sought] from Allah.